15 Powerful Antiviral Plants with Medicinal Value

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Antiviral Plants

Growing powerful antiviral plants in your garden can benefit your health. Now that the world is plagued by a global pandemic brought about by the Covid-19 disease, we need to give utmost importance to our health. The Covid-19 is a deadly virus that has infected millions of people worldwide and caused the death of many.

Aside from taking appropriate precautions, such as wearing a mask, social distancing, and frequent hand washing, medical experts have also emphasized the importance of having a strong immune system. There are many ways in which you can build a healthy immune system. Exercising regularly, getting enough sleep, and taking vitamins are some of them. Your diet also plays a crucial role in boosting your immune system. Eating foods made from antiviral plants will not only protect you from the Covid-19 disease but several other deadly diseases as well.

If you have a garden at home, put it into good use by growing these powerful antiviral plants with medicinal value. These plants can be used as spices or flavoring agents for your meals. Growing them in your backyard can save you money and time while making sure that you are using fresh ingredients that are free from any toxic chemicals. If you’re not sure which plants to grow, we came up with this antiviral plant list to help you.

List of Antiviral Medicinal Plants

1. Basil

powerful antiviral plants

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Basil comes in several varieties. Most of these varieties, including the sweet and holy ones, are capable of fighting certain types of viral infections. For instance, the holy basil, also called “tulsi” has been found to increase immunity, which helps your body to fight off viral infections. This plant is also easy to grow. However, it only grows outdoors during the summer once the soil has warmed up. Therefore, you need to plan accordingly if you want to grow basil at home.

2. Oregano

antiviral plants list

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Oregano is an important herb from the mint family. Aside from being a popular spice and food preservative, oregano possesses plant compounds like carvacrol and thymol that are known to be effective in fighting against certain viruses. A study has suggested that Oregano helps ward off at least 23 kinds of bacteria. This plant also contains antifungal and antibacterial properties that can be used in curing skin problems and respiratory tract disorders.

3. Sage

Antiviral Plants

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Sage is an aromatic herb that has been used for a long time in traditional medicine. This herb is known for its healing and soothing properties. Its antiviral properties are primarily attributed to its compound named safficinolide, which can be found in its stem and leaves. One of the best ways to consume sage is by serving it as a tea. Aside from being used as antibacterial foods, sage is also used as an ingredient in sauces, meat marinades, bread, and pastries.

4. Fennel

Medicinal Plants

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Fennel is a pleasant-smelling herb that bears yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It has a licorice flavor which makes it a popular flavoring agent. But other than its culinary usage, the dried ripe seeds of fennel have also been widely used in making medicine because of the health benefits it offers. Several researches have found that fennel may help reduce inflammation and boost a person’s immune system in combating viral infections.

5. Ginger

Antiviral Plants

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Ginger is a native plant that originated in Asian countries. It’s from the Zingiberaceae family and is related to turmeric and cardamom. Because of its flavoring and fragrant components, it is widely used as a food flavoring in several countries all over the world. It also has antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties. Antiviral ginger is a great immune system booster. It can be consumed either fresh, powdered, dried, or as a juice.

Also Read: 15 Mediterranean Herbs : Growing and Their Health Benefits

6. Garlic

Antiviral Plants List

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Garlic is a known food flavoring that’s related to onions, scallions, and leeks. However, garlic is not only useful in the kitchen. It has also been used as a medicine since ancient times due to its ability to treat a wide range of illnesses. Test tube studies have found positive effects in using garlic to fight against respiratory problems like influenza and pneumonia. It enhances the response of the immune system by activating the body’s protective immune cells.

7. Lemon Balm

Antiviral Plants List

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Lemon balm belongs to the mint family of plants. It is commonly used in foods, beverages, and seasonings because of its lemon-like flavor and scent. This plant is also well-known for its medicinal properties. In fact, it is popular in aromatherapy due to its calming effects. In aromatherapy, lemon balm is used to treat headaches, anxiety, and insomnia. Furthermore, the compounds found in lemon balm have antiviral features that may help slow down the growth of viruses.

8. Peppermint

Antibacterial Foods

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Most people have heard about peppermint as popular chewing gum and toothpaste flavor. But aside from the refreshing spicy fragrance it releases, this plant possesses powerful antiviral characteristics, too. Thus, it makes sense to include it on this antiviral plant list. The leaves and oils of peppermint contain rosmarinic acid and menthol which possess anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties. Peppermint is also helpful in treating colds and flu and promoting good digestion. This plant grows easily in the garden for as long as you give it enough water.

9. Rosemary

Antiviral Plants List

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Rosemary is a useful culinary seasoning, but its therapeutic qualities have also been widely known. This plant is an evergreen shrub with blue flowers and is often used as an aromatic herb. Several plant compounds like oleanolic acid have been tested in rosemary that contributes to its healing properties. It can combat herpes viruses, influenza, and other viral diseases. Also, you don’t need to have a garden in growing this herb because a single pot will do.

10. Echinacea

Medicinal Plants

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Echinacea is among the most popular ingredients used in herbal medicine because of its exceptional health-promoting qualities. Most of the plant’s parts like its leaves, flowers, and roots can be utilized as a natural remedy. The echinacea plant has several varieties based on its color and the kind of coneflower it bears. A specific variety called Echinacea Purpurea was used by the Native Americans in treating various conditions. Studies have also indicated the immune-boosting and viral-fighting effects of echinacea.

Also Read: 21 Best Crops to Grow In A Survival Garden

11. Sambucus

Herbs with Antiviral Properties

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Also known as Elderberry, Sambucus is a flowering plant from the family of Adoxaceae. These medicinal plants are rich in nutrients that help strengthen a person’s immune system. Its fruit and flowers are often used as dietary supplements which can provide relief for viral infections such as flu and common colds. Several reviews have also found Sambucus to be effective in reducing symptoms of the upper respiratory system. Sambucus can be consumed in the form of tea, extract, or capsule.

12. Dandelion

Antiviral Plants

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Dandelion is a flowering plant that grows in several parts of the world. It is often perceived as an unwanted weed, but a number of studies have already explored its potential antiviral properties. This plant is revered in traditional medicine for its outstanding medical characteristics. From the roots to the flowers, dandelions are very nutritious because it is loaded with fiber, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. Dandelion greens can be consumed as cooked, raw, or dried.

13. Licorice

Antibacterial Foods

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The licorice plant is a trailing shrub that produces stems that can reach 20 inches long. Licorice is covered in furry and heart-shaped leaves and has been used for centuries in the field of traditional medicine. Its active substances like liquiritigenin, glycyrrhizin, and glabridin were found to hold powerful antiviral qualities that can fight against respiratory-related illnesses. So if you’re looking to grow herbs with antiviral properties, the licorice is highly recommended. This plant can thrive in hot weather and can tolerate drought. In addition, licorice’s fuzzy and scented foliage prevents pests from damaging it.

14. Astragalus

Antiviral Foods for Lungs

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Astragalus is a flowering herb that’s extensively used in Chinese medicine. This plant is known to help prolong life and is one of the antiviral food for the lungs. Some of its health benefits include immune-boosting, anti-inflammatory, and anti-aging. The plant contains compounds recognized for their antiviral and immune-enhancing properties. Thus, it’s capable of treating fatigue, allergies, colds, and other viral diseases.

Also Read: 75 Types Of Flowers You Can Eat

15. Ginseng

Medicinal Plants

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This list of antiviral medicinal plants won’t be complete without the ginseng. Ginseng is a slow-growing short plant that possesses fleshy roots. This plant can be categorized as either fresh, red, or white. For centuries, ginseng has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine because of its effectiveness in restoring and enhancing an individual’s well-being. It is believed to help boost energy, reduce stress, and lower blood sugar and cholesterol levels. The ginsenosides compounds in ginseng have also been found to contain antiviral effects against virus-based diseases like hepatitis, herpes, and others.

Wrapping Up

Since ancient times, herbs are used as natural remedies for a wide range of illnesses. Common kitchen herbs such as sage, basil, and oregano, have antiviral effects that can protect us against deadly diseases. Now that we are in a pandemic, it’s even more important to have a healthy immune system. Having a strong immune system is our best defense against the deadly virus that has already taken the lives of more than a million individuals. By growing these antiviral plants in your backyard, you can prepare healthy meals daily and ensure that your family is protected from the coronavirus. Aside from adding them to your meals, you can also make them into teas, salads, or soups.


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